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Local Muscular Endurance and Prediction of 1 Repetition Maximum for Bench In 4 Athletic Populations

Desgorces, François D1,2; Berthelot, Geoffroy2; Dietrich, Gilles1,3; Testa, Marc S A1

Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research: February 2010 - Volume 24 - Issue 2 - pp 394-400
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181c7c72d
Original Research

Desgorces, FD, Berthelot, G, Dietrich, G, and Testa, MSA. Local muscular endurance and prediction of the 1 repetition maximum for bench press lift in different athletic populations. J Strength Cond Res 24(2): 394-400, 2010-The aim of this study was to determine a predictive equation of 1 repetition maximum (1RM) from local muscular endurance. Different athletic male populations were assessed: racket/ball games players (n = 31), power lifters (n = 22), swimmers (n = 28), and rowers (n = 29). After the 1RM assessment for the bench press, the maximum number of repetitions (MNR) relative to the 1RM (85%, 75%, 60%, 40%, and 20%) was tested. No significant differences in strength evolution from 20% to 100% of the 1RM was found between power lifters and racket/ball games players and between swimmers and rowers. However, differences in the strength evolution appeared between these 2 mixed groups (p < 0.01), with differences appearing from 75% of 1RM to lesser relative strength (p < 0.05). Nonlinear equations fitted best with the actual data for the capacity to repeat lifts. The evolution of strength from 100% to 20% of 1RM was better described when the groups' specific equations were used as demonstrated by r2, and residuals range between the predicted minus the measured 1RM. The strength endurance competences for high loads (100%-75%) were adequately modelled by the equation based on the total population. The accuracy of the 1RM prediction was better when a reduced number of lifts was performed. For untrained or novice subjects, the use of group-specific equations for the all evolutionary profile of strength allows a good estimate of 1RM and provides adequate numbers of lifts for all levels of strength, thus optimizing the training programs.

1Paris Descartes University, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Paris, France; 2Institute for Biomedical Research and Sports Epidemiology (IRMES), Paris, France; and 3Laboratory of Ergonomics, Behavior and Interaction, ECI-LAMA EA 4070, Paris, France

Address correspondence to François Desgorces, Francois.Desgorces@univ-paris5.fr.

© 2010 National Strength and Conditioning Association