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Relationship Between Maximal Squat Strength and Five, Ten, and Forty Yard Sprint Times

McBride, Jeffrey M; Blow, Daniel; Kirby, Tyler J; Haines, Tracie L; Dayne, Andrea M; Triplett, N Travis

Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research: September 2009 - Volume 23 - Issue 6 - pp 1633-1636
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181b2b8aa
Original Research

McBride, JM, Blow, D, Kirby, TJ, Haines, TL, Dayne AM, and Triplett, NT. Relationship between maximal squat strength and five, ten, and forty yard sprint times. J Strength Cond Res 23(6): 1633-1636, 2009-The purpose of this investigation was to examine the relationship between maximal squat strength and sprinting times. Seventeen Division I-AA male football athletes (height = 1.78 ± 0.04 m, body mass [BM] = 85.9 ± 8.8 kg, body mass index [BMI] = 27.0 ± 2.6 kg/m2, 1 repetition maximum [1RM] = 166.5 ± 34.1 kg, 1RM/BM = 1.94 ± 0.33) participated in this investigation. Height, weight, and squat strength (1RM) were assessed on day 1. Within 1 week, 5, 10, and 40 yard sprint times were assessed. Squats were performed to a 70° knee angle and values expressed relative to each subject's BM. Sprints were performed on a standard outdoor track surface with timing gates placed at the previously mentioned distances. Statistically significant (p ≤ 0.05) correlations were found between squat 1RM/BM and 40 yard sprint times (r = −0.605, p = 0.010, power = 0.747) and 10 yard sprint times (r = −0.544, p = 0.024, power = 0.626). The correlation approached significance between 5 yard sprint times and 1RM/BM (r = −0.4502, p = 0.0698, power = 0.4421). Subjects were then divided into those above 1RM/BM of 2.10 and below 1RM/BM of 1.90. Subjects with a 1RM/BM above 2.10 had statistically significantly lower sprint times at 10 and 40 yards in comparison with those subjects with a 1RM/BM ratio below 1.90. This investigation provides additional evidence of the possible importance of maximal squat strength relative to BM concerning sprinting capabilities in competitive athletes.

Department of Health, Leisure, and Exercise Science, Neuromuscular Laboratory, Appalachian State University, Boone, North Carolina 28608

Address correspondence to Dr. Jeffrey M. McBride, mcbridejm@appstate.edu.

© 2009 National Strength and Conditioning Association