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Physiological Profile of Asian Elite Youth Soccer Players

Wong, Del P1; Wong, Stephen HS2

The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research: August 2009 - Volume 23 - Issue 5 - p 1383-1390
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181a4f074
Original Research

Wong, DP and Wong, SHS. Physiological profile of Asian elite youth soccer players. J Strength Cond Res 23(5): 1383-1390, 2009-The purposes of this study were to provide information about the physiological characteristics of Asian elite youth soccer players (a) for strength and conditioning specialists to design training program based on players' physiological characteristics and b) for coach to design an appropriate play tactic. Sixteen Chinese elite youth male players (height: 173 ± 5.2 cm; weight: 64.2 ± 8.1 kg; and age: 16.2 ± 0.6 years) from the U-17 national team participated in the following tests in the current study: (a) maximal vertical jump, (b) isokinetic muscular strength tests of knee joint at angular velocities of 60, 120, 180, 240, and 300°·s−1, (c) maximal oxygen consumption (o2max), (d) 1 repetition maximum (1RM) strength test, and (e) 30-m sprint. Compared with European and African players, Asian youth players have less jump height and shorter body height. They also have poor performance in isokinetic muscular strength of quadriceps and hamstrings (especially at high speed), o2max, 1RM strength test, sprint starts, and 20- to 30-m sprints. A specialized training in jumping performance, high-speed movement, muscular strength at high contraction speed, endurance running, short distance sprint (i.e., 5 m), and 20- to 30-m sprints are recommended for Asian elite youth soccer players (or players with similar physique and ability).

1Department of Health and Physical Education, Hong Kong Institute of Education, Hong Kong, China; and 2Exercise Physiology Laboratory, Department of Sports Science and Physical Education, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, NT, Hong Kong, China

Address correspondence to Stephen H. S. Wong,

© 2009 National Strength and Conditioning Association