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Responses of Hematological Parameters and Aerobic Performance of Elite Men and Women Swimmers During a 14-Week Training Program

Santhiago, Vanessa1; da Silva, Adelino SR1,2; Papoti, Marcelo1,3; Gobatto, Claudio A1

Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research: July 2009 - Volume 23 - Issue 4 - pp 1097-1105
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e318194e088
Original Research

Santhiago, V, da Silva, ASR, Papoti, M, and Gobatto, CA. Responses of hematological parameters and aerobic performance of elite men and women swimmers during a 14-week training program. J Strength Cond Res 23(4): 1097-1105, 2009-The main purpose of the present investigation was to verify the responses of hematological parameters in men and women competitive swimmers during a 14-week training program. Twenty-three Olympic and international athletes were evaluated 4 times during the experiment: at the beginning of the endurance training phase (T1), at the end of the endurance training phase (T2), at the end of the quality phases (T3), and at the end of the taper period (T4). On the first day at 8:00 am, each swimmer had a blood sample taken for the determination of hematological parameters. At 3:00 pm, the athletes had their aerobic performance measured by anaerobic threshold. On the second day at 8:00 am, the swimmers had their aerobic performance measured by critical velocity. Hematocrit and mean corpuscular volume diminished (p ≤ 0.05) from T1 to T2 (men: 5.8 and 7.2%; women: 11.6 and 6.8%), and increased (p ≤ 0.05) from T2 to T3 (men: 7.2 and 6.0%; women: 7.4 and 5.2%). These results were related to the plasma volume changes of the athletes. However, these alterations do not seem to affect the swimmers' aerobic performance. For practical applications, time-trial performance is better than aerobic performance (i.e., anaerobic threshold and critical velocity) for monitoring training adaptations.

1Laboratory of Sport Applied Physiology, Department of Physical Education, Bioscience Institute, São Paulo State University, Rio Claro, Brazil; 2School of Physical Education and Sport of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, Brazil; and 3State University of Ponta Grossa, Ponta Grossa, Brazil

Address correspondence to Adelino S.R. da Silva,

© 2009 National Strength and Conditioning Association