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Influence of Resistance Load on Neuromuscular Response to Vibration Training

Luo, Jin1,3; Clarke, Michael2; McNamara, Brian1; Moran, Kieran2

Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research: March 2009 - Volume 23 - Issue 2 - pp 420-426
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e318194241c
Original Research

Luo, J, Clarke, M, McNamara, B, and Moran, K. Influence of resistance load on neuromuscular response to vibration training. J Strength Cond Res 23(2): 420-426, 2009-The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of resistance load on the acute and acute residual effects of vibration training, with vibration applied directly to the bicep tendon in a maximal-effort dynamic resistance exercise (3 sets of maximal-effort bicep curls). Eleven participants were exposed to 4 training conditions in random order: exercise with 1 of 2 different loads (40% 1-repetition maximum [RM] or 70% 1RM load) combined with 1 of 2 vibration conditions (vibration [1.2 mm, 65 Hz] or sham vibration). Five minutes before and after the exercise, a set of maximal-effort bicep curls with a load of either 40 or 70% 1RM was performed as the pre- and posttraining test. Concentric elbow joint angular velocity, moment and power, and bicep root mean square electromyography (EMGrms) were measured during training and in the pre- and posttraining tests. The results show that during training (acute effect) and at 5 minutes after training (acute residual effect), vibration did not induce a significant change in EMGrms, mean and peak angular velocities, moment and power, time to peak power, and initial power at 100 milliseconds after the start of the concentric phase for either resistance load. Therefore, in aiming to train neuromuscular output using maximal-effort dynamic contractions (40 and 70% 1RM), there is no benefit in employing direct vibration, at least with a 1.2-mm amplitude and 65-Hz frequency. However, the amplitude of 1.2 mm may be too high to effectively stimulate neuromuscular output in maximal-effort dynamic contractions per se.

1School of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering and 2School of Health and Human Performance, Dublin City University, Dublin, Ireland; and 3Department of Anatomy, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom

Address correspondence to Jin Luo, Jin.Luo@bristol.ac.uk.

© 2009 National Strength and Conditioning Association