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Acute Effects of Heavy-Load Exercises, Stretching Exercises, and Heavy-Load Plus Stretching Exercises on Squat Jump and Countermovement Jump Performance

González-Ravé, Jose Maria1; Machado, Leandro2; Navarro-Valdivielso, Fernando1; Vilas-Boas, J Paulo2

Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research: March 2009 - Volume 23 - Issue 2 - pp 472-479
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e318198f912
Original Research

González-Ravé, JM, Machado, L, Navarro-Valdivielso, F, and Vilas-Boas, JP. Acute effects of heavy-load exercises, stretching exercises, and heavy-load plus stretching exercises on squat jump and countermovement jump performance. J Strength Cond Res 23(2): 472-479, 2009-The purpose of this study was to examine the acute effects of heavy-load resistance exercises, static stretching exercises, and heavy-load plus static stretching exercises by untrained subjects, and to determine whether these types of exercise have an effect on the performance of squat jumps (SJs) and countermovement jumps (CMJs). Twenty-four men volunteered to participate in this study and were divided into 3 groups: 1 group performed the strength exercises using heavy loads (3 sets of 4 repetitions at 90% of each subject's 1-repetition maximum (1RM), a second group performed the heavy-load resistance plus stretching exercises (3 sets of 4 repetitions at 90% of each subject's 1RM and 3 stretching exercises for 15 seconds each), and a third group performed the static stretching exercises only (3 stretching exercises for 15 seconds each). No significant differences between the groups were seen in vertical jump height, but there were significant differences (p < 0.004) in the mean jump height between sets within the training session without taking the treatment type (group) into consideration. Significant differences (p < 0.001) were seen in the vertical ground-reaction force in CMJs between sets and training in each group, whereas no differences between groups were seen in SJ; nevertheless, there was a tendency toward significant differences between sets (p < 0.09) without considering the treatment type. The data from this study suggest that strength exercises using heavy loads and heavy-load plus stretching exercises did not have a significant effect on the maximal jump height in untrained subjects. Only stretching exercises showed an increase in SJs and CMJs, but these results were not significantly different from all other scores.

1Sport Training Lab, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Castilla La Mancha, Toledo, Spain; and 2Biomechanical Lab, Faculty of Sports, Porto University, Porto, Portugal

Address correspondence to José Maria González Ravé, JoseMaria.Gonzalez@uclm.es.

© 2009 National Strength and Conditioning Association