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Muscular Outputs During Dynamic Bench Press Under Stable Versus Unstable Conditions

Koshida, Sentaro1; Urabe, Yukio2; Miyashita, Koji3; Iwai, Kanzunori2,4; Kagimori, Aya6

Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research: September 2008 - Volume 22 - Issue 5 - pp 1584-1588
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e31817b03a1
Original Research

Koshida, S, Urabe, Y, Miyashita, K, Iwai, K, Tanaka, K, and Kagimori, A. Muscular outputs during dynamic bench press under stable versus unstable conditions. J Strength Cond Res 22(5): 1584-1588, 2008-Previous studies have suggested that resistance training exercise under unstable conditions decreases the isometric force output, yet little is known about its influence on muscular outputs during dynamic movement. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of an unstable condition on power, force, and velocity outputs during the bench press. Twenty male collegiate athletes (mean age, 21.3 ± 1.5 years; mean height, 167.7 ± 7.7 cm; mean weight, 75.9 ± 17.5 kg) participated in this study. Each subject attempted 3 sets of single bench presses with 50% of 1 repetition maximum (1RM) under a stable condition with a flat bench and an unstable condition with a Swiss ball. Acceleration data were obtained with an accelerometer attached to the center of a barbell shaft, and peak outputs of power, force, and velocity were computed. Although significant loss of the peak outputs was found under the unstable condition (p < 0.017), their reduction rates remained relatively low, approximately 6% for force and 10% for power and velocity outputs, compared with previous findings. Such small reduction rates of muscular outputs may not compromise the training effect. Prospective studies are necessary to confirm whether the resistance training under an unstable condition permits the improvement of dynamic performance and trunk stability.

1Faculty of Health Sciences, Ryotokuji University, Chiba, Japan; 2Graduate School of Health Sciences, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Japan; 3Research Institute of Life and Sciences, Chuba University, Aichi, Japan; 4Hiroshima National College of Martime Technology, Hiroshima, Japan; 5Hiroshima City General Rehabilitation Center, Hiroshima, Japan; 6Ryukoku University Training Center, Kyoto, Japan

Address correspondence to Dr. Sentaro Koshida, koshida@ryotokuji-u.ac.jp.

© 2008 National Strength and Conditioning Association