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Accuracy of Prediction Equations for Determining One Repetition Maximum Bench Press in Women Before and After Resistance Training

Mayhew, Jerry L1,2; Johnson, Blair D3; LaMonte, Michael J4; Lauber, Dirk5; Kemmler, Wolfgang6

Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research: September 2008 - Volume 22 - Issue 5 - pp 1570-1577
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e31817b02ad
Original Research

Mayhew, JL, Johnson, BD, LaMonte, MJ, Lauber, D, and Kemmler, W. Accuracy of prediction equations for determining one repetition maximum bench press in women before and after resistance training. J Strength Cond Res 22(5): 1570-1577, 2008-Repetitions to fatigue (RTF) using less than a 1 repetition maximum (1RM) load (RepWt) have been shown to be a good predictor of 1RM strength in men, but such information is scarce in women. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of current prediction equations to estimate 1RM bench press performance and to determine whether resistance training changes the capability to predict 1RM from muscular endurance repetitions in young women. Members (n = 103) of a required wellness course were measured for 1RM bench press and RTF using randomly assigned percentages between 60% and 90% of the 1RM (RepWt) before and after 12 weeks of progressive resistance training. The %1RM used to perform RTF remained the same for each individual after training (75.6% ± 10.3%) as before. One repetition maximum bench press increased significantly after training (28% ± 21%). Although the change in the group average for RTF (0.6 ± 6.1) was not significant, the correlation between pretraining and posttraining RTF was moderate (r = 0.66; p < 0.01), and individual differences in percentage change in RTF were substantial (27% ± 99%). The percentage change in 1RM was not significantly related to initial 1RM (r = −0.05), but it was negatively related to the change in RTF (r = −0.40; p < 0.01). Prediction equations were more accurate in the pretraining and posttraining conditions, in which fewer than 10 RTF were used. Resistance training may alter the relationship between strength and muscle endurance across a wide range of RTF in young women without compromising the accuracy of predicting maximal strength.

1Human Performance Laboratory, Truman State University, Kirksville, Missouri; 2Department of Physiology, A.T. Still University of Health Sciences, Kirksville, Missouri; 3Exercise Science Department, University of Wisconsin-LaCrosse, LaCrosse, Wisconsin; 4Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Buffalo, Buffalo, New York; 5Institute of Sport Sciences and 6Institute of Medical Physics, University of Erlangen, Erlangen, Germany

Address correspondence to Jerry L. Mayhew, e-mail: jmayhew@truman.edu.

© 2008 National Strength and Conditioning Association