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THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN MAXIMAL REPETITION PERFORMANCE AND MUSCLE FIBER TYPE AS ESTIMATED BY NONINVASIVE TECHNIQUE IN THE QUADRICEPS OF UNTRAINED WOMEN.

DOURIS, PETER C.; WHITE, BENJAMIN P.; CULLEN, ROBERT R.; KELTZ, WILLIAM E.; MELI, JOHN; MONDIELLO, DAN M.; WENGER, DAVID
Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research: August 2006
ORIGINAL RESEARCH: PDF Only

The purpose of this investigation was to establish a relationship between the number of repetitions an individual can complete at a predetermined load and their percentage of type II muscle fibers in their quadriceps. Subjects included 22 untrained women between the ages of 18 and 35. Day 1 consisted of noninvasive anthropologic testing, 1 repetition maximum (1RM) testing, and recording repetition performance at 70% 1RM. Day 2 consisted of isokinetic dynamometry to determine muscle fiber composition. Results were obtained and analyzed using the Pearson product correlation coefficient (r). The results demonstrated a fair-to-moderate relationship (Pearson r = -0.48, p = 0.02) that individuals with greater percentages of type II muscle fibers performed fewer repetitions at 70% 1RM. The results of this study demonstrate that muscle fiber type composition is an important variable to consider when designing training or rehabilitation programs.

(C) 2006 National Strength and Conditioning Association