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ACUTE HORMONAL RESPONSES TO SUBMAXIMAL AND MAXIMAL HEAVY RESISTANCE AND EXPLOSIVE EXERCISES IN MEN AND WOMEN.

LINNAMO, VESA; PAKARINEN, ARTO; KOMI, PAAVO V.; KRAEMER, WILLIAM J.; HÄKKINEN, KEIJO
Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research: August 2005
ORIGINAL RESEARCH: PDF Only

The purpose of this study was to examine acute hormonal and neuromuscular responses in men and women to 3 heavy resistance but clearly different exercise protocols: (a) submaximal heavy resistance exercise (SME), (b) maximal heavy resistance exercise (HRE), and (c) maximal explosive resistance exercise (EE). HRE included 5 sets of 10 repetition maximum (10RM) situps, bench press, and bilateral leg extensions (David 210 machine) with a 2-minute recovery between the sets. In SME, the load was 70%, and in EE, the load was 40% from that used in HRE. A significant increase (p < 0.05) in serum growth hormone (GH) was observed after HRE both in men and women, but the increase was greater (p < 0.05) in men than in women. Serum testosterone (T) increased significantly (p < 0.05) only during HRE in men. Since GH and T are anabolic hormones, the acute exercise-induced response during HRE may play an important role in the long-term anabolic adaptation processes related to muscle hypertrophy and maximal strength development.

(C) 2005 National Strength and Conditioning Association