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Physiological Profiles and Performance Predictors of a Women's NCAA Rowing Team.

Perkins Candace D.; PIVARNIK, JAMES M.
Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research: February 2003
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We described the physiological profiles of rowers (N = 16; age = 20.1 +/-1.4 years, weight = 78.6 +/- 9.5 kg, height = 177.5 +/- 3.1 cm) of the top 2 varsity boats on an NCAA women's crew and determined whether physiological measures predict boat assignment as determined by the head coach. Eight participants were members of the top varsity boat (1V) and 8 competed at a lower level (2V). Expired gases were collected while subjects completed the U.S. National Team Vo2max (3-minute stages) and 2 kilometer (2K) time trial rowing ergometer protocols. Heart rates (HR) and blood lac-tates were measured before, during, and after each test. The Vo2max and blood lactate at stage 2 of the Vo2max test were used to predict boat assignment. Average (+/-SD) Vo2max was 3.86 +/- 0.40 L-min-1. The 2K times averaged 453.0 +/- 10.5 seconds. Subjects used approximately 96% of Vo2max and 98% of HRmax during the 2K time trials. Neither Vo2max nor submaximal lactate were related to boat assignment. The Vo2 values during the 2K trial indicated that rowing economy differed among athletes. Results of physiological measures should help the coach individualize workouts of top performers.

(C) 2003 National Strength and Conditioning Association