The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between several field tests of anaerobic power and distance running performance. Thirty-six trained runners (20 men and 16 women; mean +/- SD age, 27.9 +/- 5.7 years) participated in this study. Tests of anaerobic power consisted of a 50-m sprint, vertical jumps from a static take-off position and with a countermovement, a plyometric leap test, and a 300-m sprint. The results indicated that gender, height, weight, percent body fat, 50-m sprint time, the height and power of both types of vertical jumps, plyometric leap distance, and the 300-m sprint time were significantly correlated with 10-km run time (p <= 0.05) in the total subject pool (N = 36). Stepwise multiple regression identified the plyometric leap distance to explain 73.9% of the variance in run time. When combined with 300-m sprint time, 77.9% of the variance (standard error of the estimate, 2.92 minutes) was explained. The regression equation developed is Y' (10-km time) = 57.22-5.15(plyometric leap distance in meters) + 0.27(300-m sprint time in seconds). The results indicate that anaerobic power is significantly related to distance running performance and may explain a meaningful percentage of variability in 10-km run time. Therefore, it may be beneficial for distance runners to supplement aerobic training with some power and speed development such as plyometrics and printing.
(C) 2001 National Strength and Conditioning Association