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Safety of Maximal Power, Strength, and Endurance Testing in Older African American Women.

ADAMS, KENT J.; SWANK, ANN M.; BARNARD, KERRY L.; BERNING, JOE M.; SEVENE-ADAMS, PATRICIA G.
Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research: August 2000
Original Article: PDF Only

This study investigated blood pressure (BP) response, rating of perceived exertion (RPE), and rate of injury and muscle soreness associated with maximal muscle power, strength, and endurance testing in 19 sedentary African American women 44-68 years of age. Tests included the medicine ball put, a modified Wingate bicycle test, the bench press, and the squat press. Blood pressure and RPE were assessed immediately posttest. Injuries and muscle soreness were evaluated using a soreness scale immediately posttest and on days 2 and 7. No abnormal BP responses occurred (mean systolic and diastolic BP = 158 mm Hg and 86 mm Hg, respectively). The RPE ranged from 11 (fairly light) to 19 (very, very hard). No injuries or soreness requiring any alteration in lifestyle were reported. Results indicate that maximal muscle power, strength, and endurance testing may be performed in sedentary older African American women on the same day without significant muscle soreness, injury, or abnormal BP response.

(C) 2000 National Strength and Conditioning Association