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Muscle Power and Fiber Characteristics Following 8 Weeks of Plyometric Training.

POTTEIGER, JEFFREY A.; LOCKWOOD, ROBERT H.; HAUB, MARK D.; DOLEZAL, BRETT A.; ALMUZAINI, KHALID S.; SCHROEDER, JAN M.; ZEBAS, CAROLE J.
Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research:
Original Article: PDF Only
Abstract

We examined changes in muscle power output and fiber characteristics following a 3 d*wkr-1, 8-week plyometric and aerobic exercise program. Male subjects (n = 19) were randomly assigned to either group 1 (plyometric training) or group 2 (plyometric training and aerobic exercise). The plyometric training consisted of vertical jumping, bounding, and depth jumping. Aerobic exercise (at 70% maximum heart rate) was performed for 20 minutes immediately following the plyometric workouts. Muscle biopsy specimens were collected from the musculus vastus lateralis before and after training. Type I and type II fibers were identified and cross-sectional areas calculated. Peak muscle power output, measured using a countermovement vertical jump, significantly increased from pretraining to posttraining for group 1 (2.8%) and group 2 (2.5%). Each group demonstrated a significant increase in fiber area from pretraining to posttraining for type I (group 1, 4.4%; group 2, 6.1%) and type II (group 1, 7.8%; group 2, 6.8%) fibers, but there were no differences between the groups. Following plyometric training, there is an increased power output that may in part be related to muscle fiber size.

(C) 1999 National Strength and Conditioning Association