The use of creatine as an ergogenic aid for athletic performance is growing in popularity, despite limited scientific support for its efficacy. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of creatine (Cr) monohydrate (CrM) and creatine phosphate (CrP) supplementation on strength, body composition, and blood pressure over a 6-week period. Thirty-five males (age range = 19-29 years) with at least 2 years of strength training experience were tested on three separate occasions (pretest, 3 weeks, 6 weeks). Strength tests performed were the one-repetition maximum (1-RM) bench press, 1-RM leg press, and maximal repetitions on the seated preacher bar curl with a fixed amount of weight. Subjects were divided into three groups matched for strength: placebo (Pl), CrM, and CrP. All subjects were provided a standardized strength training regimen and ingested a loading dosage of 20 g per day for the first 3 days of the study, followed by a maintenance dose of 10 g per day for the remainder of the 6-week supplementation period. Significant differences were noted between the Pl group and the two Cr groups for changes in lean body mass, body weight, and 1-RM bench press. These results suggest that oral Cr supplementation will result in greater strength and fat-free mass development. In addition, CrP may be as effective as CrM in achieving these desired outcomes.
(C) 1999 National Strength and Conditioning Association