The effect of a precompetition training session on competitive performance was studied in 19 male Olympic-style weightlifters (mean age 17.3 yrs). Using a randomly assigned crossover experimental design, all subjects performed a low volume, moderate intensity (85% 1-RM) training session at 10:30 a.m. one test day, or no training at this time on the other test day. A simulated weightlifting contest was performed at 4 p.m. on both test days to determine maximal performance on the snatch and the clean and jerk, as well as maximal vertical jump performance. An abridged profile of mood states (POMS) was administered prior to all lifting sessions. A subgroup of 6 subjects, labeled responders, demonstrated significantly greater lifting and jumping performance on the test day that included the morning training session. The other 13 subjects were labeled nonresponders. No differences were observed between the responders and nonresponders on any other variables except for anxiety levels reported on the POMS, with the responders reporting significantly greater perceptions of anxiety. This suggests that weightlifters who exhibit high levels perceived anxiety may enhance competitive performance by performing a low volume, moderate intensity training session 5 to 6 hrs prior to competition.
(C) 1995 National Strength and Conditioning Association