BACKGROUND: Indocyanine green videoangiography (IGV) raises important limitations when we use it in vascular pathology, especially in cases with arterialization of the venous system such as arteriovenous malformations and fistulae.
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to provide a simple procedure that overcomes the limitations of conventional IGV. We define IGV in negative (IGV-IN), so-called because, in its first phase, the vessel to analyze is clipped, and we report 3 cases of intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulae treated with this procedure.
METHODS: In 2011, we applied IGV-IN to 3 patients at our center with Borden type III intracranial arteriovenous fistulae.
RESULTS: In all 3 cases, IGV-IN enabled both diagnosis and post-dural arteriovenous fistula exclusion control in 1 integrated procedure no longer than 1 minute, requiring only 1 visualization.
CONCLUSION: IGV-IN is an improvement over the conventional IGV method and is able to provide more information in a shorter period of time. It is an intuitive and highly visual procedure, and, more importantly, it is reversible. Studies with larger samples are necessary to determine whether IGV-IN can further reduce the need for postoperative digital subtraction angiography.
ABBREVIATIONS: CPA, cerebellopontine angle
DSA, digital subtraction angiography
ICG, indocyanine green
IGV, indocyanine green videoangiography
IGV-IN, indocyanine green videoangiography in negative
IOA, intraoperative angiography