BACKGROUND: Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) has become a well-established method for the treatment of noncommunicating hydrocephalus with a high success rate and a relatively low morbidity rate. However, vessel injury has been repeatedly reported, often with a fatal outcome. Vessel injury is considered to be the most threatening complication. The use of indocyanine green (ICG) angiography has become an established tool in vascular microneurosurgery.
OBJECTIVE: We report our initial experience with endoscopic ICG angiography in ETV for intraoperative visualization of the basilar artery and its perforators to reduce the risk of vascular injury.
METHODS: Eleven patients with noncommunicating hydrocephalus underwent ETV. Before opening of the third ventricular floor, ICG angiography was performed using a prototype neuroendoscope for intraoperative visualization of ICG fluorescence.
RESULTS: In 10 patients, ETV and ICG angiography were successfully performed. In 1 case, ICG angiography failed. Even in the presence of an opaque floor of the third ventricle (n = 5), ICG angiography clearly demonstrated the course of the basilar artery and its major branches and was considered useful.
CONCLUSION: ICG angiography has the potential to become a useful adjunct in ETV for better visualization of vessel structures, especially in the presence of aberrant vasculature, a nontranslucent floor of the third ventricle, or in case of reoperations.
ABBREVIATIONS: ETV, endoscopic third ventriculostomy
ICG, indocyanine green