Deep Venous Thrombosis and Thromboembolism in Patients With Cervical Spinal Cord Injuries

Dhall, Sanjay S. MD*; Hadley, Mark N. MD; Aarabi, Bizhan MD, FRCSC§; Gelb, Daniel E. MD; Hurlbert, R. John MD, PhD, FRCSC; Rozzelle, Curtis J. MD#; Ryken, Timothy C. MD, MS**; Theodore, Nicholas MD‡‡; Walters, Beverly C. MD, MSc, FRCSC‡,§§

doi: 10.1227/NEU.0b013e31827728c0
Chapter 21

ABBREVIATIONS: ASCI, acute spinal cord injury

DVT, deep venous thrombosis

IVC, inferior vena cava

IV, intravenous

LMWH, low molecular weight heparins

PE, pulmonary embolism

SCI, spinal cord injury

UFH, unfractionated heparin

VOP, venous occlusion plethysmography

VTE, venous thromboembolism.

*Department of Neurosurgery, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia

Division of Neurological Surgery, and

#Division of Neurological Surgery, Children’s Hospital of Alabama, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama

§Department of Neurosurgery, and

Department of Orthopaedics, University of Maryland, Baltimore, Maryland

Department of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Calgary Spine Program, Faculty of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada

**Iowa Spine & Brain Institute, University of Iowa, Waterloo/Iowa City, Iowa

‡‡Division of Neurological Surgery, Barrow Neurological Institute, Phoenix, Arizona

§§Department of Neurosciences, Inova Health System, Falls Church, Virginia

Correspondence: Mark N. Hadley, MD, FACS, UAB Division of Neurological Surgery, 510 – 20th Street South, FOT 1030, Birmingham, AL 35294-3410. E-mail:

Copyright © by the Congress of Neurological Surgeons