BACKGROUND: Intraspinal hemangiopericytoma (HPC) is a rare and malignant extra-axial tumor with a strong tendency to recur and metastasize. There is a paucity in the literature of large case series of patients with intraspinal HPCs.
OBJECTIVE: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical radiological and histological features, classification, and treatment of 26 patients with HPCs in the spine.
METHODS: Twenty-six patients with HPCs in the spine were treated at our institution between 1987 and 2010. Medical records were reviewed retrospectively to collect data on the clinical features, tumor morphology, surgical resection, recurrence, and follow-up.
RESULTS: The 26 patients were predominantly male, and the mean age at diagnosis was 33.8 years. The intraspinal HPCs were divided into 3 types and 5 subtypes. Most of them involved the neighboring segments and/or caused bony erosion. All tumors were immunohistochemically positive for vimentin and negative for epithelial membrane antigen. All patients underwent at least 1 surgery, and most of them received postsurgical radiotherapy. The 5-year Kaplan-Meier rate of survival was 76%. The 5-year recurrence-free rate of survival was 29.4%. Only the tumor pathological grade was significantly associated with survival time and recurrence.
CONCLUSION: High-grade tumors had a shorter survival time and recurred earlier than low-grade tumors. Surgical removal and postoperative radiotherapy are critical for the treatment of intraspinal HPCs. However, total resection may not necessary for these tumors. Stereotactic radiosurgery may be a good alternative to control the recurrent lesions.
ABBREVIATIONS: CNS, central nervous system
WHO, World Health Organization