BACKGROUND: The key to successful microvascular decompression of the neurovascular compression syndrome is maintaining the separation between the nerve and the offending vessel.
OBJECTIVE: We describe a transposition technique in which a local pedicled dural flap, fashioned from the petrous posterior surface, is used to retract the offending vessel away from the root exit zone of the facial nerve in hemifacial spasm cases.
METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of microvascular decompression operations in which the offending vessel was transposed and then retained by a local pedicled dural flap made from the dura of the petrous posterior surface.
RESULTS: This technique was used in 7 consecutive cases of the most recently operated series. Postoperatively, complete symptom relief was achieved in 100% of the patients without any significant surgical complications.
CONCLUSION: To our knowledge, this is the first report in which an autologous anatomic structure in the cerebellopontine angle, such as petrous dura mater, is used in the microvascular decompression of the facial nerve. This is a simple yet robust method and can be considered an option for the treatment of hemifacial spasm caused by arterial compression.
ABBREVIATIONS: AICA, anterior inferior cerebellar artery
HFS, hemifacial spasm
IAC, internal auditory canal
MVD, microvascular decompression
PICA, posterior inferior cerebellar artery
RExZ, root exit zone
VA, vertebral artery