BACKGROUND: We describe our clinical experience with the use of indocyanine green (ICG) videoangiography to delineate the locations of the cortical draining veins before dural opening in 3 cases of parasagittal lesions. With this technique, the veins are marked through the dura, and then the dura can be opened precisely to avoid cortical venous injury.
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate in a clinical series the adjunct use of intraoperative ICG angiography to optimize the dural opening for parasagittal lesions.
METHODS: We describe 3 cases of parasagittal lesions, 2 meningiomas, and 1 arteriovenous malformation treated using the described technique.
RESULTS: Once the dura had been exposed, ICG at a dose of 0.25 mg/kg was injected into the patient's peripheral vein as a bolus. When the dye reached the illuminated field of interest, ICG fluorescence was induced by the use of a light source with a wave-length ICG absorption band. Thereafter, the dural cortical veins were marked through the dura and precisely opened, avoiding cortical venous injury.
CONCLUSION: Indocyanine green video angiography is a safe, fast, inexpensive, and accurate investigation that allows the surgeon to strategically plan and protect important parasagittal dural venous drainage during craniotomy.
National Brain Aneurysm Center, St. Joseph's Hospital, St. Paul, Minnesota
Correspondence: Eric S. Nussbaum, MD, 3033 Excelsior Blvd, Ste 403, Minneapolis, MN 55416. E-mail: LNUSSBAUM@comcast.net
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Received February 3, 2011
Accepted May 11, 2011