BACKGROUND AND IMPORTANCE: A novel technique in which microcatheter neck bridging of a ruptured wide-neck posterior communicating artery aneurysm was performed by intra-aneurysmal catheter navigation into a fetal configuration posterior cerebral artery (PCA) branch vessel arising from the sac.
CLINICAL PRESENTATION: An 88-year-old woman with a Hunt and Hess grade 1 and Fisher grade 4 subarachnoid hemorrhage was identified as having a wide-neck posterior communicating artery aneurysm and an isolated fetal configuration PCA with origins from the aneurysm sac. Delivery of a bare platinum Guglielmi detachable coil within the aneurysm lumen resulted in persistent coil prolapse into the parent vessel with occlusion of the incorporated vital PCA origin. A microcatheter was then navigated through the aneurysm lumen and into the fetal configuration PCA. This was retained within the PCA with resultant aneurysm neck narrowing and branch vessel protection. A second microcatheter was placed in the aneurysm lumen for coil delivery. Complete aneurysm occlusion with patency of the PCA without coil loop prolapse into the parent vessel was achieved.
CONCLUSION: The presence of normal branch vessels arising from the dome is a limitation for endovascular techniques. To the best of our knowledge, no prior description of a dual-microcatheter technique with selective catheter placement within an important intra-aneurysmal branch vessel has been published. The vital branch vessel was protected and the wide-neck aneurysm completely occluded. Novel placement of microcatheters further expands the range of complex configuration aneurysms amenable to endovascular coiling.