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Microcatheter Neck Bridging and Incorporated Branch Vessel Protection for Coil Embolization of a Wide-Neck Ruptured Aneurysm: Technical Case Report

Gordhan, Ajeet MD

doi: 10.1227/NEU.0b013e318207819f
Operative Technique

BACKGROUND AND IMPORTANCE: A novel technique in which microcatheter neck bridging of a ruptured wide-neck posterior communicating artery aneurysm was performed by intra-aneurysmal catheter navigation into a fetal configuration posterior cerebral artery (PCA) branch vessel arising from the sac.

CLINICAL PRESENTATION: An 88-year-old woman with a Hunt and Hess grade 1 and Fisher grade 4 subarachnoid hemorrhage was identified as having a wide-neck posterior communicating artery aneurysm and an isolated fetal configuration PCA with origins from the aneurysm sac. Delivery of a bare platinum Guglielmi detachable coil within the aneurysm lumen resulted in persistent coil prolapse into the parent vessel with occlusion of the incorporated vital PCA origin. A microcatheter was then navigated through the aneurysm lumen and into the fetal configuration PCA. This was retained within the PCA with resultant aneurysm neck narrowing and branch vessel protection. A second microcatheter was placed in the aneurysm lumen for coil delivery. Complete aneurysm occlusion with patency of the PCA without coil loop prolapse into the parent vessel was achieved.

CONCLUSION: The presence of normal branch vessels arising from the dome is a limitation for endovascular techniques. To the best of our knowledge, no prior description of a dual-microcatheter technique with selective catheter placement within an important intra-aneurysmal branch vessel has been published. The vital branch vessel was protected and the wide-neck aneurysm completely occluded. Novel placement of microcatheters further expands the range of complex configuration aneurysms amenable to endovascular coiling.

St. Joseph Medical Center, Department of Neurointerventional Radiology, Bloomington, Illinois

Received, January 21, 2010.

Accepted, April 5, 2010.

Correspondence: Ajeet Gordhan, MD, St. Joseph Medical Center, Department of Neurointerventional Radiology, 2200 E Washington St, Bloomington, IL 61701. E-mail: gordhana@gmail.com

Copyright © by the Congress of Neurological Surgeons