BACKGROUND: The suboccipital craniotomy is one of the most commonly performed neurosurgical approaches.
OBJECTIVE: To define a new cranial landmark, the digastric point, located at the top of the mastoid notch in the mastoid portion of the temporal bone that may assist surgeons performing this craniotomy and to study the relationships between this point and other surface landmarks.
METHODS: Craniometric measures were taken from 127 dry human adult skulls (90 male and 37 female). The measures were taken in millimeters by a digital caliper. Transillumination of the skull with laser or light-emitting diode was used to assess the correspondence of the digastric point in the inner surface of the skull.
RESULTS: The mean distance between the digastric point and the sigmoid sulcus in 254 measures was 3.10 mm (SD, 3.11 mm). The digastric point was over the sulcus of the sigmoid sinus in 49.6% of the cases on the right side and in 29.9% of the cases on the left side. The distance between the jugular point and the stylomastoid foramen was smaller on the right side (mean, 8.89 mm; SD, 2.61 mm; P = .041). Comparing genders regardless of side, the distances between the digastric and jugular points and from the jugular point to the stylomastoid foramen were smaller in female skulls (P = .000 and .006, respectively).
CONCLUSION: The digastric point may be a useful landmark to expose the sigmoid sinus during suboccipital approaches.