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NEUROSURGICAL TREATMENT FOR ANEURYSM REMNANTS OR RECURRENCES AFTER COIL OCCLUSION

Lejeune, Jean-Paul M.D.; Thines, Laurent M.D.; Taschner, Christian M.D.; Bourgeois, Philippe M.D.; Henon, Hilde M.D.; Leclerc, Xavier M.D., Ph.D.

doi: 10.1227/01.NEU.0000325499.82876.6D
Clinical Studies

OBJECTIVE: Neurosurgical management of residual aneurysms (RA) after coiling remains a challenging issue. We present a consecutive series of 21 patients who underwent microsurgical treatment of a previously coiled aneurysm.

METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed a consecutive series of 21 patients who underwent operations for an RA after coiling between 1997 and 2007. Postcoiling follow-up imaging included brain magnetic resonance angiography and digital subtraction angiography. The decision for surgical treatment was made when an RA was significant and unsuitable for re-embolization. Data related to the RA and to the surgical technique were analyzed. Postoperative outcome was evaluated with the Glasgow Outcome Scale.

RESULTS: Twenty aneurysms were initially ruptured. Twelve had undergone complete coil occlusion, whereas 6 had a residual neck, 2 had a residual lobule, and 1 had a residual sac. The aneurysms were in the anterior circulation in 18 cases and in the posterior circulation in 3 cases. Twenty RAs were excluded with the apposition of 1 clip beneath the coils, 2 required a temporary occlusion, 2 required extraction of the coils, and 1 presented with an operative rupture. All aneurysms, except 2 that had their residual neck wrapped, were completely occluded. The postoperative Glasgow Outcome Scale score was unchanged in 90% of patients, and 2 patients sustained a moderate disability.

CONCLUSION: Microsurgical treatment of RA after endovascular treatment is effective, provided that patients are selected appropriately. The surgical treatment of recanalized aneurysms after coiling is challenging but can result in a good outcome with low morbidity and no mortality.

Department of Neurosurgery, Lille University Hospital, Lille, France (Lejeune) (Thines) (Bourgeois)

Department of Neuroradiology, Lille University Hospital, Lille, France (Taschner) (Leclerc)

Department of Neurology, Lille University Hospital, Lille, France (Henon)

Reprint requests: Laurent Thines, M.D., Clinique Neurochirurgicale, Hôpital Roger-Salengro, CHRU, 59037 Lille Cedex, France. Email: Laurent.Thines@wanadoo.fr

Received, December 12, 2007.

Accepted, June 4, 2008.

Copyright © by the Congress of Neurological Surgeons