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ROOTS OF NEUROANATOMY, NEUROLOGY, AND NEUROSURGERY AS FOUND IN THE BIBLE AND TALMUD

Tubbs, R. Shane M.S., PA-C., Ph.D.; Loukas, Marios M.D., Ph.D.; Shoja, Mohammadali M. M.D.; Cohen-Gadol, Aaron A. M.D.; Wellons, John C. III M.D.; Oakes, W. Jerry M.D.

doi: 10.1227/01.NEU.0000319524.04958.0F
Legacies

HISTORICAL OBSERVATIONS AND interpretations regarding the treatment of components of the nervous system can be found in the writings of the Bible and Talmud. A review of topics germane to modern neuroanatomy, neurology, and neurosurgery from these early, rich writings is presented herein. These historic writings provide a glimpse into the early understanding, description, and treatment of pathologies of the nervous system.

Section of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Children's Hospital, and Department of Cell Biology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama (Tubbs)

Department of Anatomical Sciences, St. George's University, Grenada, West Indies (Loukas)

Tuberculosis and Lung Disease Institute, Tabriz Medical University, Tabriz, Iran (Shoja)

Clarian Neurological Institute and Indianapolis Neurosurgical Group, Indianapolis, Indiana (Cohen-Gadol)

Section of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Children's Hospital, Birmingham, Alabama (Wellons) (Oakess)

Reprint requests: R. Shane Tubbs, M.S., PA-C., Ph.D., Pediatric Neurosurgery, Children's Hospital, 1600 7th Avenue South ACC 400, Birmingham, AL 35233. Email: rstubbs@uab.edu

Received, October 1, 2007.

Accepted, April 18, 2008.

Copyright © by the Congress of Neurological Surgeons