INTRAOPERATIVE MICROENDOSCOPY WAS performed for eight patients to access the fundus of the internal auditory canal after retrosigmoid transmeatal surgery of vestibular schwannomas. The transmeatal procedure is usually limited laterally by the labyrinth block. The restricted opening of the internal auditory canal bears a potential risk of incomplete tumor resection. For eight patients with vestibular schwannomas, intraoperative microendoscopy was performed after tumor resection to expose the “blind” area of the internal auditory canal fundus. An excellent view of the fundus contents was obtained, including Cranial Nerves VII and VIII and the crista transversa. Tumor remnants were not observed in this series. Microendoscopy was shown to be an ideal adjunct to hearing-preserving transmeatal surgery of vestibular schwannomas, enabling the removal of intracanalicular tumors with direct control of the lateral intracanalicular nerve portions.