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Multiloculated Hydrocephalus in Infants.

Albanese, Vincenzo M.D.; Tomasello, Francesco M.D.; Sampaolo, Simone M.D.
Clinical and scientific communications: PDF Only

: The clinical features and the neuroradiological appearance of multiloculated hydrocephalus that followed meningitis and ventriculitis in five newborn infants are presented. Several factors probably involved in the pathogenesis are discussed. Computed tomography is particularly helpful in the recognition of this entity and in the evaluation of its course. However, ventriculograms are advised to document the communication of the septated cavities. Of four infants treated by ventriculoatrial shunting, two died and two are mentally and neurologically disabled. Another infant, who underwent craniotomy and fenestration of the ventricular membranes, died accidentally 3 months after operation. In light of similar cases reported in the literature, the prognosis seems very poor. Craniotomy with fenestration of the ventricular septa seems a promising procedure, although further supportive evidence is needed. (Neurosurgery 8:641-646, 1981)

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