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Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuropsychology

Contralateral and ipsilateral motor effects after transcranial direct current stimulation

Vines, Bradley W.; Nair, Dinesh G.; Schlaug, Gottfried

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Transcranial direct current stimulation over the left motor area influenced both contralateral and ipsilateral finger sequence movements in seven healthy adults. Effects for the two hands were reversed: anodal stimulation improved right-hand performance significantly more than cathodal stimulation, whereas cathodal stimulation improved left-hand performance significantly more than anodal stimulation. The results show that stimulating a motor region directly, or indirectly by modulating activity in the homologous region on the opposite hemisphere, can affect motor skill acquisition, presumably by facilitating effective synaptic connectivity. This outcome provides evidence for the role of interhemispheric inhibition in corticomotor functioning, and also has implications for treatment methods aimed at facilitating motor recovery after stroke.

© 2006 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.


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