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The poly(ADP‐ribose) glycohydrolase inhibitor gallotannin blocks oxidative astrocyte death

Ying, Weihai1; Swanson, Raymond A.1,2

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Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) is now recognized as an important mediator of cell death, but a role for poly(ADP-ribose) glycohydrolase (PARG) in cell death has not previously been described. PARG is the key enzyme degrading ADP-ribose polymers produced by PARP. Here we report effects of the PARG inhibitor gallotannin on oxidative cell death. Pre-incubation of cultured murine astrocytes with as little as 100 nM gallotannin produced significant reductions in H2O2-induced cell death assessed both 24 and 72 h after H2O2 exposure. Gallotannin was more than 10-fold more potent than the PARP inhibitor benzamide in preventing H2O2-induced cell death. These results provide the first evidence that PARG inhibitors could be used to prevent oxidative cell death.

© 2000 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.


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