Skip Navigation LinksHome > May/June 2007 - Volume 3 - Issue 3 > Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Neurology Now:
doi: 10.1097/01.NNN.0000279085.30196.ce
Department: Resource Central

Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Free Access

Apnea means “without breath” in Greek. Sleep apnea is a common and potentially serious condition in which a person's breathing stops or becomes very shallow during sleep. Each pause in breathing can last from 10 seconds to a minute and occur from five to as many as 100 times a night, and this can put people at increased risk for stroke and heart disease. Sleep apnea manifests itself in two forms: obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), in which throat muscles relax and enough air cannot flow into the lungs through the mouth and nose; and central sleep apnea, which occurs when the brain does not send correct signals to the muscles that control breathing. Nine out of 10 people with sleep apnea have obstructive apnea. Some researchers estimate that OSA is as common as diabetes or asthma. Continuous positive airway pressure, the most common treatment, is affordable and effective.

American Sleep Apnea Association (ASAA)

sleepapnea.org

202-293-3650

Devoted to reducing disability, injury, and death from sleep apnea and offers resources and support groups.

SleepChannel

sleepdisorderchannel.com/osa

An overview of sleep apnea, tips on living with the disorder, educational videos, and links to finding specialists.

Mayo Clinic

mayoclinic.com/health/sleep-apnea/DS00148

Frequently asked questions.

Diseases and Conditions Index

nhlbi.nih.gov/health/dci/Diseases/SleepApnea/SleepApnea_WhatIs.html

A comprehensive look at the causes, signs/symptoms, and treatments of sleep apnea, from the National Heart and Blood Institute.

MedlinePlus Health Information

nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/sleepapnea.html

A wealth of resources on sleep apnea, including recent news articles, clinical trials, and treatment recommendations.

National Center on Sleep Disorders Research

nhlbi.nih.gov/about/ncsdr

301-435-0199

Educational materials, mailing lists, and a sleep IQ quiz.

National Sleep Foundation

sleepfoundation.org

202-347-3471

Find a sleep center, ask a sleep expert your questions, take quizzes, and join a sleep advocacy community.

Back to Top | Article Outline

Assistance Directory

HELP FOR ALL NEUROLOGICAL DISORDERS

American Academy of Neurology Foundation

neurofoundation.org 866-770-7570

The Brain Matters

AAN patient website

thebrainmatters.org

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

ninds.nih.gov

Back to Top | Article Outline
ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE

Alzheimer's Association

alz.org

1-800-272-3900

Alzheimer's Disease Education and Referral Center

alzheimers.org

1-800-438-4380

Alzheimer's Foundation of America

alzfdn.org

1-866-232-8484

Back to Top | Article Outline
AUTISM

Autism Society of America

autism-society.org

1-800-3AUTISM (1-800-328-8476)

Back to Top | Article Outline
CEREBRAL PALSY

United Cerebral Palsy

ucp.org

1-800-872-5827

Back to Top | Article Outline
DYSTONIA

Dystonia Foundation

dystonia-foundation.org

1-800-377-DYST (1-800-377-3978)

Back to Top | Article Outline
EPILEPSY AND SEIZURES

Epilepsy Foundation

epilepsyfoundation.org

1-800-332-1000

Sturge-Weber Foundation

sturge-weber.com

1-800-627-5482

Back to Top | Article Outline
HEADACHE /MIGRAINE

National Headache Foundation

headaches.org

1-888-NHF-5552 (1-888-643-5552)

American Council for Headache Education

achenet.org

1-856-423-0258

Back to Top | Article Outline
HUNTINGTON'S DISEASE

Hereditary Disease Foundation

hdfoundation.org

212-928-2121

Huntington's Disease Society of America

hdsa.org

1-800-345-HDSA (1-800-345-4372)

Back to Top | Article Outline
MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS

Multiple Sclerosis Association of America

msassociation.org

1-800-532-7667

Multiple Sclerosis Foundation

msfocus.org

1-800-225-6495

National Multiple Sclerosis Society

nationalmssociety.org

1-800-FIGHT-MS (1-800-344-4867)

Back to Top | Article Outline
MYASTHENIA GRAVIS

Myasthenia Gravis Foundation of America

myasthenia.org

1-800-541-5454

Back to Top | Article Outline
NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES

ALS Association

alsa.org

1-800-782-4747

Muscular Dystrophy Association

mda.org

1-800-FIGHT-MD (1-800-344-4863)

Back to Top | Article Outline
PAIN

American Pain Foundation

painfoundation.org

1-888-615-PAIN (1-888-615-7246)

Neuropathy Association

neuropathy.org

212-692-0662

Back to Top | Article Outline
PARKINSON'S DISEASE

American Parkinson Disease Association

apdaparkinson.org 1-800-223-2732

Michael J. Fox Foundation for Parkinson's Research

michaeljfox.org

1-800-708-7644

National Parkinson Foundation

parkinson.org

1-800-327-4545

Parkinson's Disease Foundation

pdf.org

1-800-457-6676

Back to Top | Article Outline
STROKE

American Stroke Association

strokeassociation.org

1-888-4-STROKE (1-800-478-7653)

National Stroke Association

stroke.org

1-800-STROKES (1-800-787-6563)

Back to Top | Article Outline
TRAUMA

Brain Injury Association of America

biausa.org

1-800-444-6443

Back to Top | Article Outline

Fragile X

Fragile X is a family of genetic conditions caused by gene changes in the same gene, called the FMR1 gene. Fragile X can be passed on in a family by individuals who have no apparent signs of the condition. In some families a number of members appear to be affected, whereas in other families a newly diagnosed individual may be the first to exhibit symptoms.

FRAGILE X INCLUDES:

▾ Fragile X syndrome (FXS), the most common cause of inherited mental impairment, ranging from learning disabilities to more severe cognitive or intellectual disabilities. FXS is the most common known cause of autism or “autistic-like” behaviors.

▾ Fragile X-associated tremor/ataxia syndrome (FXTAS), a condition which affects balance, tremor and memory in some older male gene carriers.

▾ Fragile X-related premature ovarian failure (POF), a problem with ovarian function which can lead to infertility and early menopause in some female gene carriers.

▾ The National Fragile X Foundation (NFXF) has been helping individuals with Fragile X, their families, and the professionals who work with them since 1984. For more information, go to fragilex.org or call 800-688-8765.

©2007 American Academy of Neurology

Article Tools

Share