NURSING EDUCATION RESEARCH: VOICES of Hispanic Students in Baccalaureate Nursing Programs: ARE WE LISTENING?BOND, MARY LOU; GRAY, JENNIFER R.; BAXLEY, SUSAN; CASON, CAROLYN L.; DENKE, LINDANursing Education Perspectives: May-June 2008 - Volume 29 - Issue 3 - p 136-142 Featured Articles Abstract Author Information ABSTRACT Hispanics have been described as the "missing persons" in the health professions at a time when a lack of cultural diversity in the workforce has been linked to health disparities. The shortage of Hispanic nurses cannot be addressed effectively without understanding their perspectives on nursing and nursing education. The adapted Model of Institutional Support served as a framework to describe perceived barriers and supports to retention among Hispanic students in baccalaureate nursing programs. Focus groups were used to allow the voices of Hispanic students to emerge; 14 Mexican American nursing students from two liberal arts universities participated. Theory-guided content analysis of focus group transcripts revealed themes congruent with the model components of finances, emotional and moral support, professional socialization, mentoring, academic advising, and technical support. Personal determination emerged as a theme not identified in the model. The prominence of the personal determination theme among these students warrants further study, but suggests that success may be enhanced by helping students capitalize on their personal determination. About the Authors Mary Lou Bond, PhD, RN, FAAN, ANEF, is Samuel T. Hughes Professor of Nursing and co-director of the Center for Hispanic Studies in Nursing and Health at the University of Texas at Arlington School of Nursing where her co-authors are also affiliated. Jennifer R. Gray, PhD, RN, is associate professor and associate dean of nursing; Susan Baxley, MS, RNC, is a doctoral student and graduate research assistant; Carolyn L. Cason, PhD, RN, is a professor, associate dean for research, and director of the Center for Nursing Research; and Linda Denke, MSN, RN, is a doctoral student and graduate research assistant. Contact Dr. Bond at email@example.com. Copyright 2008 by National League for Nursing, Inc.