Body adiposity in a sample of prediabetic and diabetic adult Egyptian patients

Sarry El-Din, Azza M.; Zaki, Moushira E.; Kandeel, Wafaa A.; Mohamed, Sanaa K.

Medical Research Journal:
doi: 10.1097/01.MJX.0000429692.39856.9d
Miscellaneous
Abstract

Objective: Fat percentage and its distribution exert a strong influence on the development of glucose intolerance and type 2 diabetes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of body adiposity on the presence of prediabetes and type 2 diabetes in a sample of Egyptian adults.

Methods: This is a cross-sectional study on 866 Egyptian adults aged between 20 and 75 years. The study evaluated the presence of prediabetes or type 2 diabetes and compared BMI, percentage of body fat (BF%), visceral fat, waist circumference, and the waist-to-hip ratio between normoglycemic patients and individuals with prediabetes or type 2 diabetes.

Results: BF% was significantly higher in prediabetic and diabetic individuals than in normoglycemic individuals. Both prediabetic and diabetic lean and obese men showed higher visceral fat levels than their corresponding normoglycemic counterparts.

However, among women, a significant increase was observed only in prediabetic obese individuals. There is coexistence of diabetes and hypertension in obese and old patients.

Conclusion: Type 2 diabetes is more frequent in older obese Egyptians and is associated with elevated systolic and diastolic blood pressure. Although total BF% is an important risk factor for type 2 diabetes, visceral fat is considered the most strongly related factor to the disease especially in men.

Author Information

Department of Biological Anthropology, Medical Research Division, National Research Centre, Cairo, Egypt

Correspondence to Azza M. Sarry El Din, PhD, Department of Biological Anthropology, National Research Centre, El-Bohouth Street, Dokki, PO Box 2311, 12622 Cairo, Egypt Tel: +20 10 06077370; fax: +20 02 33371564; e-mail: asarry@gmail.com

Received March 12, 2013

Accepted April 15, 2013

© 2013 Medical Research Journal