Skip Navigation LinksHome > September 2014 - Volume 21 - Issue 9 > Laparoscopic staging in women older than 75 years with early...
Menopause:
doi: 10.1097/GME.0000000000000202
Original Articles

Laparoscopic staging in women older than 75 years with early-stage endometrial cancer: comparison with open surgical operation

Bogani, Giorgio MD1; Cromi, Antonella MD, PhD1; Uccella, Stefano MD1; Serati, Maurizio MD1; Casarin, Jvan MD1; Mariani, Andrea MD2; Ghezzi, Fabio MD1

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Abstract

Objective

Older age is a relevant risk factor for developing endometrial cancer (EC) and has been traditionally regarded as a relative contraindication to laparoscopy. Our aim was to analyze the safety and effectiveness of laparoscopic staging in older women with EC.

Methods

Consecutive women aged 75 years or older who underwent laparoscopic staging for EC between May 2002 and October 2012 were compared with consecutive women aged 75 years or older who underwent abdominal staging before the adoption of the laparoscopic approach in our institution. Postoperative complications were graded according to the Accordion Severity Grading System.

Results

Fifty-nine women aged 75 years or older who underwent laparoscopy were compared with a cohort of 66 women aged 75 years or older who underwent open staging before the incorporation of laparoscopy. Demographic and disease characteristics, as well as the Charlson comorbidity index, were balanced between groups. Women who underwent laparoscopy had similar operative time (P = 0.14), lower blood loss (P = 0.005), and shorter length of stay (P < 0.001) in comparison with women who underwent open surgical operation. Overall, women who underwent laparoscopy experienced less postoperative complications than women in the control group (P < 0.001). In addition, focusing only on complications grade 3 or higher, we observed a trend toward decreased complication rates in the laparoscopic group (P = 0.06). No differences in survival outcomes (including time of recurrence, site of recurrence, disease-free survival, and overall survival) were recorded (P > 0.05).

Conclusions

Our findings suggest that EC patients older than 75 years may benefit from minimally invasive surgical operation and should not be denied laparoscopy based on mere chronological age.

© 2014 by The North American Menopause Society

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