Objective: This study investigated whether polymorphisms within the Fanconi anemia complementation group A (FANCA) gene contribute to the increased risk of premature ovarian failure (POF) in Korean women.
Methods: Ninety-eight women with POF and 218 controls participated in this study. Genomic DNA from peripheral blood was isolated, and GoldenGate genotyping assay was used to identify single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within the FANCA gene.
Results: Two significant SNPs (rs1006547 and rs2239359; P < 0.05) were identified by logistic regression analysis, but results were insignificant after Bonferroni correction. Six SNPs formed a linkage disequilibrium block, and three main haplotypes were found. Two of three haplotypes (AAAGAA and GGGAGG) distributed highly in the POF group, whereas the remaining haplotype (GGAAGG) distributed highly in the control group by logistic regression analysis (highest odds ratio, 2.515; 95% CI, 1.515-4.175; P = 0.00036).
Conclusions: Our observations suggest that genetic variations in the FANCA gene may increase the risk for POF in Korean women.