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Menopause:
doi: 10.1097/GME.0b013e318294528c
Original Articles

Whole-body vibration exercise training reduces arterial stiffness in postmenopausal women with prehypertension and hypertension

Figueroa, Arturo MD, PhD; Kalfon, Roy BS; Madzima, Takudzwa A. BS; Wong, Alexei MS

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Abstract

Objective

The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of whole-body vibration (WBV) exercise training on arterial stiffness (pulse wave velocity [PWV]), blood pressure (BP), and leg muscle function in postmenopausal women.

Methods

Twenty-five postmenopausal women with prehypertension and hypertension (mean [SE]; age, 56 [1] y; systolic BP, 139 [2] mm Hg; body mass index, 34.7 [0.8] kg/m2) were randomized to 12 weeks of WBV exercise training (n = 13) or to the no-exercise control group. Systolic BP, diastolic BP, mean arterial pressure, heart rate, carotid-femoral PWV, brachial-ankle PWV, femoral-ankle PWV (legPWV), leg lean mass, and leg muscle strength were measured before and after 12 weeks.

Results

There was a group-by-time interaction (P < 0.05) for arterial stiffness, BP, and strength as brachial-ankle PWV (−1.3 [0.3] m/s, P < 0.01), legPWV (−0.81 [0.22] m/s, P < 0.01), systolic BP (−12 [3] mm Hg, P < 0.01), diastolic BP (−6 [2] mm Hg, P < 0.01), and mean arterial pressure (−9 [3] mm Hg, P < 0.01) decreased and as strength increased (21.0% [2.2%], P < 0.001) after WBV exercise training compared with no change after control. Heart rate decreased (−3 [1] beats/min, P < 0.05) after WBV exercise training, but there was no interaction (P > 0.05). Leg lean mass and carotid-femoral PWV were not significantly (P > 0.05) affected by WBV exercise training or control.

Conclusions

Our findings indicate that WBV exercise training improves systemic and leg arterial stiffness, BP, and leg muscle strength in postmenopausal women with prehypertension or hypertension. WBV exercise training may decrease cardiovascular and disability risks in postmenopausal women by reducing legPWV and increasing leg muscle strength.

© 2013 by The North American Menopause Society

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