Skip Navigation LinksHome > March/April 2011 - Volume 36 - Issue 2 > Nutrition Profiles of American Women in the Third Trimester
MCN, American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing:
doi: 10.1097/NMC.0b013e3182057a13
Feature Article

Nutrition Profiles of American Women in the Third Trimester

Gennaro, Susan DSN, RN, FAAN; Biesecker, Babette MS, RN, FNP-BC; Fantasia, Heidi Collins PhD, RN, WHNP-BC; Nguyen, Minh RN; Garry, David DO, FACOG



In the article that appeared on page 120 of the March/April 2011 issue, the title was incorrect. The correct title for this article is: Nutrition Profiles of African American Women in the Third Trimester.

This error has been noted in the online version of the article, which is available at

MCN: The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing. 36(3):168, May/June 2011.

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Purpose: To develop a profile of common nutritional patterns among pregnant African American women that will assist healthcare providers in identifying areas for improvement and change.

Study Design: This study was part of a larger NIH-funded (R03NR008548-01) study that examined risk factors associated with preterm labor and birth in high- and low-risk African American women. Data were collected on high-risk mothers (women experiencing preterm labor) before 34 weeks gestation and every 4 weeks until birth. Data were also collected on the low-risk mothers beginning at 28 weeks and then every 4 weeks until birth. For this study, high- and low-risk groups were collapsed to examine food choices over time in all participants (n = 58).

Methods: Nutrition intake was examined by conducting one 24-hour diet recall at each time point. Food models and portion size pictures were used to improve accuracy.

Results: Overall, dietary intake was suboptimal, and micro- and macronutrient intake during the third trimester did not vary. Energy (caloric) intake was inadequate with the time-averaged probability of having inadequate caloric intake 64.4%. Protein intake was the most likely nutritional factor to be inadequate with a time-averaged estimated probability of inadequate intake 25.1%. Micronutrient intake from food was also inadequate.

Clinical Implications: The persistence of suboptimal nutritional intake during the third trimester supports the importance of continually assessing nutritional status throughout pregnancy, with a focus on caloric requirements and protein intake.

© 2011 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.


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