Skip Navigation LinksHome > January/February 2011 - Volume 36 - Issue 1 > Caring for the Infant of a Diabetic Mother
MCN, American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing:
doi: 10.1097/NMC.0b013e3181fb0b4c
Feature Article

Caring for the Infant of a Diabetic Mother

Hatfield, Linda PhD, NNP-BC; Schwoebel, Ann MSN, RNC-NIC; Lynyak, Corinne BSN, RN

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Abstract: In the United States, approximately 100,000 infants are born to diabetic mothers each year. If diabetes in pregnancy is uncontrolled, the diversity of resulting health problems can have a profound effect on the embryo, the fetus, and the neonate. These infants are at risk for a multitude of physiologic, metabolic, and congenital complications such as macrosomia, asphyxia, respiratory distress, hypoglycemia, hypocalcemia, hyperbilirubinemia, polycythemia and hyperviscosity, cardiomegaly, and central nervous system disruption. Preconception control of glucose metabolism throughout the trajectory of a woman's pregnancy is a significant factor in decreasing the adverse impact of diabetes on the fetus and newborn. Meticulous attention to neonatal glucose levels, thorough physical examination, and precise diagnosis are prerequisites to appropriate care for the neonate.

© 2011 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.


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