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Music Therapy To Relieve Anxiety In Pregnant Women On Bedrest: A Randomized, Controlled Trial

Yang, Min MSN, RN; Li, Lingjiang MD; Zhu, Haili MSN, RN; Alexander, Ivy M. PhD, CANP, APRN; Liu, Shan PhD, MSN, RN; Zhou, Wei MSN, RN; Ren, Xiaohong MSN, RN

MCN: The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing: September-October 2009 - Volume 34 - Issue 5 - p 316–323
doi: 10.1097/01.NMC.0000360425.52228.95
Feature article

Purpose: To explore the effect of music therapy on anxiety alleviation for antepartal women on bedrest in China.

Design and Methods: One hundred and twenty patients recruited from one tertiary hospital in Changsha city, China were enrolled in a randomized controlled trial. Women in the experimental group received music therapy for 30 minutes on 3 consecutive days. Usual care participants had a 30-minute rest on 3 consecutive days. Variables included anxiety (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory), and physiological responses (vital signs, fetal heart rate). Descriptive statistics, t tests, χ2 tests, Wilcoxon rank sum tests, and Pearson correlation analyses were used to analyze the data.

Results: Anxiety levels decreased and physiological responses improved significantly in the intervention group, which was provided with music therapy while on bedrest.

Clinical Implications: Carefully selected music that incorporates a patient's own preferences may offer an inexpensive and effective method to reduce anxiety for antepartal women with high risk pregnancies who are on bedrest.

What's the saying? Music soothes...Well, these researchers looked at how it works for high-risk pregnant women on bedrest. Read about this randomized, controlled trial.

Min Yang is a Lecturer at The Mental Health Institute, the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, Changsha Hunan, China.

Lingjiang Li is a Professor and Director at The Mental Health Institute, the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, Changsha Hunan, China.

Haili Zhu is a Lecturer at Rehabilitation Department of Changsha Social Work College, Changsha Hunan China.

Ivy M. Alexander is an Associate Professor at Yale University, New Haven, CT.

Shan Liu is a Lecturer at School of Nursing of the Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin NT, Hong Kong SAR, the People's Republic of China.

Wei Zhou is an Assistant Researcher at School of Nursing of Central South University, Changsha Hunan, China.

Xiaohong Ren is an Associate Professor at School of Nursing of Central South University, Changsha Hunan, China. She can be reached via e-mail at yangmin426@yahoo.com.cn

The authors have disclosed that there are no financial relationships related to this article.

© 2009 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.