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Medical Care:
doi: 10.1097/MLR.0b013e31824deed2
Original Articles

An Observational Study to Evaluate 2 Target Times for Elective Coronary Bypass Surgery

Sobolev, Boris G. PhD*; Fradet, Guy MD, FRCPS, MSc; Kuramoto, Lisa MSc; Rogula, Basia BSc

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Background: Guidelines for timing of elective bypass surgery were established by expert opinion; yet, there is little evidence to support the recommended target times.

Objectives: To estimate the effect of timing of the procedure on in-hospital mortality by comparing groups of patients that differ in the duration of time between decision to operate and performed procedure.

Research Design: We used a population-based registry to identify patients who underwent surgical coronary revascularization and their hospital discharge summaries to identify in-hospital death.

Subjects: We studied 9593 patients who underwent surgical revascularization between 1992 and 2006 after registration on a wait list for first-time isolated coronary artery bypass grafting on an elective basis.

Measures: The outcome was postoperative in-hospital death. The study variable was the timing of surgery, categorized as short, prolonged, and excessive delays according to the guidelines.

Methods: The probability of in-hospital death in relation to timing of surgery was modeled by logistic regression that included a precalculated risk score for in-hospital death, with weighting observations by inverse propensity scores for the 3 surgery timing groups.

Results: In-hospital death among patients with short delays was one third as likely as among those with excessive delays: adjusted odds ratio=0.32 (95% confidence interval 0.20–0.51). The protective effect was smaller and not significant for patients with prolonged delays; odds ratio=0.78 (95% confidence interval, 0.38–1.63).

Conclusions: Our findings suggest a survival benefit from performing elective surgical revascularization within the time frame recommended by the stricter of the 2 guidelines. Our results have implications for health systems that provide universal coverage and that budget the annual number of procedures.

© 2012 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.


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