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Admission MedisGroups Score and the Cost of Hospitalizations

Iezzoni, Lisa I. MD, MS; Ash, Arlene S. PhD; Cobb, Janet L. MPH; Moskowitz, Mark A. MD
Medical Care: November 1988
Original Articles: PDF Only

Concerns about the insensitivity of Medicare's diagnosis-related groups (DRGs) to illness severity heightened interest in the potential of alternative patient classification systems to improve the fairness of hospital reimbursement. This article examines the ability of admission MedisGroups™ score to explain the costs of hospital stays. The database contained 54,112 patients 65 years or older discharged in 28 high-frequency DRGs from 1984 to the middle of 1986 from 24 hospitals across the country. Admission MedisGroups score alone explained 3% of costs using trimmed data. Addition of admission Medis- Groups score to DRGs modestly improved ability to predict differences in cost: for trimmed data, DRGs alone explained 52% of the variation in costs, compared with 55% when admission MedisGroups score was added. Within individual DRGs, the explanatory power of admission MedisGroups score ranged from 0% to 21%. The level of explanatory power was not related to the spread of cases across admission MedisGroups scores within DRG. No consistent clinical pattern explained these differences across DRGs.

© Lippincott-Raven Publishers.