Background:: Vulvar pain or vulvodynia is a poorly understood, understudied, and devastating condition affecting the lives of many women. A subset of vulvar pain known as local provoked vestibulodynia (LPV), previously known as vulvar vestibulitis syndrome (VVS), is a condition defined by symptoms and the exclusion of identifiable pathologies. There is little in the way of evidence‐based literature to guide the physical therapist in the evaluation and management of LPV.
Purpose/Method:: To review current theory and evidence for the diagnosis of LPV by a review of literature and use of surveys to practitioners.
Results:: The Vulvar Pain Task Force makes recommendations for physical therapy evaluation and management of LPV. Recommendations address the need for physical therapy research in the field of vulvar pain.
Conclusion:: Many different interventions for LPV exist with a paucity of evidence for their effectiveness. Physical therapists are encouraged to seek ongoing educational opportunities and interdisciplinary interactions in the area of vulvar pain conditions, to study and use appropriate measurement tools and outcome measures, and to engage in research to add the physical therapy perspective to the growing body of evidence in the literature.