Background: The P.A.R.T.Y. (Prevent Alcohol and Risk-Related Trauma in Youth) program is a 1-day injury awareness and prevention program for youth aged 15 years and older. The goal is to teach adolescents to recognize their injury risks and make informed decisions to reduce them. This study assessed the effectiveness of the P.A.R.T.Y. Program in preventing traumatic injuries during a period of 10 years (1992–2004).
Methods: P.A.R.T.Y. participants (STUDY) were matched with subjects having the same age, gender, residential area, and initial year in database, who did not attend the P.A.R.T.Y. Program (CONTROL). Data from hospital discharge database, and provincial health claims, were searched to determine the incidence of traumatic injuries in both groups. Statistical comparisons were made for the two groups, gender, calendar year, and before and after the graduating driver licensing system was implemented, using the χ2 and conditional logistic regression analysis with a p < 0.05 considered significant.
Results: Of 3,905 P.A.R.T.Y. participants, 1,281 were successfully randomly matched on the above 4 variables with 1,281 controls. The most frequent injury was injury by other or homicide 373 of 2,562 (14.8%). There were fewer traumatic injuries in the STUDY group than in the CONTROL group (43.3% vs. 47.4%; p = 0.02; OR, 1.22; 95% CI, 1.03–1.45). This difference was stronger in females (44.4% vs. 49.0%; p = 0.04) and before the graduating driver licensing system implementation (60.1% vs. 67.2%; p = 0.04).
Conclusions: The P.A.R.T.Y. Program effectively reduced the incidence of traumatic injuries among its participants. This effectiveness was stronger among females and before the driver licensing system was implemented.
From the RBC First Office for Injury Prevention (J.M.B.), Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Department of Surgery (F.B.) and Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences (A.K., D.A.R.), Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; and St. John's Rehab Hospital (M.G.), Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Submitted for publication July 7, 2010.
Accepted for publication November 18, 2010.
Supported by RBC, CN, and Ministry of Health.
Presented at Combined Australasian Trauma Society and the Annual Scientific Meeting of the Trauma Association of Canada, March 5–7, 2009, Auckland, New Zealand.
Address for reprints: Joanne M. Banfield, RN, BA, RBC First Office for Injury Prevention, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, 2075 Bayview Avenue, Room H259, Toronto, ON M4N 3M5; email: firstname.lastname@example.org.