Background : Although surgical principles are well accepted for the treatment of an intraperitoneal or extraperitoneal rupture of the urinary bladder, the type and number of drainage catheters needed to obtain a satisfactory outcome with minimal patient morbidity have yet to be determined.
Methods : This was a retrospective review of data on injured patients with the diagnosis of an intraperitoneal or extraperitoneal rupture of the urinary bladder from penetrating or blunt trauma.
Results : Of the 51 patients identified, 28 were treated with suprapubic and transurethral catheters, whereas 23 received a transurethral catheter only. Complications and catheter duration times were similar regardless of type of bladder injury or drainage catheter used (p > 0.5).
Conclusion : These data suggest that there are similar outcomes and complication rates for patients treated with suprapubic and transurethral catheters versus transurethral catheter only. Transurethral catheters alone seem effective in draining all types of bladder injuries.