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Journal of Trauma-Injury Infection & Critical Care:
Original Articles

Prevalence of Domestic Violence and Associated Factors among Women on a Trauma Service

Melnick, David M. MD, MPH; Maio, Ronald F. DO, MS; Blow, Frederic C. PhD; Hill, Elizabeth M. PhD; Wang, Stewart C. MD, PhD; Pomerantz, Richard MD; Kane, Mollie L. MD, MPH; Graham-Bermann, Sandra PhD; Weber, James DO; Farber, Mitchell S. MD

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Background : Despite the increasing recognition of the problem of domestic violence (DV), it has not been studied in surgical populations.

Methods : Eligible patients underwent screening for a recent history of DV and alcohol abuse (AA). Other demographic, health, and injury-related data were also collected.

Results : Of 127 subjects entered into the study, 18% screened positive for DV and 21% screened positive for AA. Of those screening positive for DV, 65% screened positive for AA compared with 12% of those screening negative for DV (p < 0.001.) Screening for DV was recommended by a vast majority of subjects, with only 6% of subjects responding that it was not appropriate.

Conclusion : Both DV and AA have a high prevalence among female trauma patients admitted to trauma centers. Nearly all subjects recommended screening for DV. Screening for DV should be incorporated into the routine care of female trauma patients.

© 2002 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.

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