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Using Trauma and Injury Severity Score (TRISS)-Based Analysis in the Development of Regional Risk Adjustment Tools to Trend Quality in a Voluntary Trauma System: The Experience of the Trauma Foundation of Northeast Ohio

Mancuso, Charlene RN; Barnoski, Anita RN; Tinnell, Charles RN; Fallon, William Jr. MD

Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery: April 2000 - Volume 48 - Issue 4 - p 629-636
Annual Meeting Articles

Background: Presently, no trauma system exists in Ohio. Since 1993, all hospitals in Cuyahoga County (CUY), northeast Ohio (n = 22) provide data to a trauma registry. In return, each received hospital-specific data, comparison data by trauma care level and a county-wide aggregate summary. This report describes the results of this approach in our region.

Methods: All cases were entered by paper abstract or electronic download. Interrater reliability audits and z score analysis was performed by using the Major Trauma Outcome Study and the CUY 1994 baseline groups. Risk adjustment of mortality data was performed using statistical modeling and logistic regression (Trauma and Injury Severity Score, Major Trauma Outcome Study, CUY). Trauma severity measures were defined.

Results: In 1995, 3,375 patients were entered. Two hundred ninety-one died (8.6%). Severity measures differed by level of trauma care, indicating differences in case mix. Probability of survival was lowest in the Level I centers, highest in the acute care hospitals. Outcomes z scores demonstrated survival differences for all levels.

Conclusions: In a functioning trauma system, the most severely injured patients should be cared for at the trauma centers. A low volume at acute care hospitals is desirable. By using Trauma and Injury Severity Score with community-specific constants, NE Ohio is accomplishing these goals. The Level I performance data are an interesting finding compared with the data from the Level II centers in the region

From the Trauma Foundation of Northeast Ohio, Department of Surgery, MetroHealth Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio and Clinical Data Management, Inc., Conifer, Colorado.

Address for reprints: Charlene Mancuso, RN, MetroHealth Medical Center, Department of Surgery H-943, 2500 MetroHealth Drive, Cleveland, OH 441109-1998.

Submitted for publication February 12, 1999.

Accepted for publication December 31, 1999.

Presented at the 12th Annual Meeting of the Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma, January 13–16, 1999, Orlando, Florida.

© 2000 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.