Skip Navigation LinksHome > April 2014 - Volume 9 - Issue 4 > Redistribution of Health Care Costs after the Adoption of Po...
Journal of Thoracic Oncology:
doi: 10.1097/JTO.0000000000000102
Original Articles

Redistribution of Health Care Costs after the Adoption of Positron Emission Tomography among Medicare Beneficiaries with Non–Small-Cell Lung Cancer, 1998–2005

Dinan, Michaela A. PhD*†; Curtis, Lesley H. PhD*‡; Carpenter, William R. PhD; Biddle, Andrea K. PhD; Abernethy, Amy P. MD*‡§; Patz, Edward F. MD§‖; Schulman, Kevin A. MD*‡; Weinberger, Morris PhD

Collapse Box

Abstract

Introduction:

Treatment patterns and cost implications of increased positron emission tomography imaging use since Medicare approval in 1998 are not well understood. We examined rates of surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy and inpatient and total health care costs between 1998 and 2005 among Medicare beneficiaries with non–small-cell lung cancer.

Methods:

Patients in this retrospective cohort study were 51,374 Medicare beneficiaries diagnosed with non–small-cell lung cancer between 1996 and 2005. The main outcome measures were receipt of surgical resection, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy and inpatient and total health care costs within 1 year of diagnosis.

Results:

Between 1996–1997 and 2004–2005, the proportion of patients undergoing surgical resection decreased from 29% to 25%, the proportion receiving radiation therapy decreased from 49% to 43%, and inpatient costs decreased from $28,900 to $26,900. The proportion of patients receiving chemotherapy increased from 25% to 40% and total costs increased from $47,300 to $52,200 (p < 0.001 for all comparisons). Changes in use and costs remained after adjustment for shifting demographic characteristics during the study period.

Conclusions:

Adoption of positron emission tomography between 1998 and 2005 was accompanied by decreases in rates of surgery and radiotherapy and in short-term inpatient costs among Medicare beneficiaries with non–small-cell lung cancer, although there was an increase in chemotherapy and overall costs.

Copyright © 2014 by the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer

Login

Article Tools

Share

Search for Similar Articles
You may search for similar articles that contain these same keywords or you may modify the keyword list to augment your search.

Other Ways to Connect

Twitter
twitter.com/JTOonline

 



Visit JTO.org on your smartphone. Scan this code (QR reader app required) with your phone and be taken directly to the site.

 For additional oncology content, visit LWW Oncology Journals on Facebook.