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Family and Environmental Influences on Child Behavioral Health: The Role of Neighborhood Disorder and Adverse Childhood Experiences

Wang Xiafei MA MSW; Maguire-Jack, Kathryn MSW, MPA, PhD
Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics: Post Author Corrections: September 07, 2017
doi: 10.1097/DBP.0000000000000506
Original Article: PDF Only

ABSTRACT:

Objective:

The Adverse Childhood Experiences study suggests childhood adversity is a “root” origin for health and human development. Newer research is examining the more immediate impact of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) on child development and the impact of neighborhood environment on the likelihood of and prevention ACEs. The extent to which all of these aspects of the child context fit together remains unclear. The current study seeks to fill this gap examining the precursors for ACEs and the multitude of ways in which a child's home life can impact his or her development.

Methods:

Using data from 3001 mothers of children in the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, this study investigates the relationship between neighborhood disorder, ACEs, and child behavioral health. Using a path analysis, the direct and indirect relations between neighborhood disorder and child behavioral health are estimated, with ACEs as the key mediator.

Results:

The most common ACE in our study was intimate partner violence (IPV), followed by child emotional abuse. Neighborhood disorder is associated with higher levels of ACEs and is both directly and indirectly (through its relation with ACEs) negatively related to child behavioral health.

Conclusion:

Screening for ACEs for children living in disordered neighborhoods may help reduce those experiences and their impacts in this high-risk population. Preventive interventions related to IPV and child emotional abuse may be especially helpful.

Address for reprints: Xiafei Wang, MA, MSW, College of Social Work, Ohio State University, Rm 340, 1947 College Rd, Columbus, OH 43210; e-mail: wang.3933@osu.edu.

Disclosure: The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Supplemental digital content is available for this article. Direct URL citations appear in the printed text and are provided in the HTML and PDF versions of this article on the journal's Web site (www.jdbp.org).

Received March , 2017

Accepted July , 2017

Copyright © 2017 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.

This article has supplementary material on the web site: www.jdbp.org.