Skip Navigation LinksHome > January 2014 - Volume 35 - Issue 1 > The Effects of a Stress Management Intervention in Elementar...
Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics:
doi: 10.1097/DBP.0000000000000016
Brief Report

The Effects of a Stress Management Intervention in Elementary School Children

Bothe, Denise A. MD*; Grignon, Josephine B. MEd; Olness, Karen N. MD

Collapse Box

Abstract

Objective:

This preliminary study tests the effectiveness of an elementary school-based stress management technique on anxiety symptoms and heart rate variability (HRV) in children.

Methods:

In this controlled prospective longitudinal study, children in third-grade classroom participated in a teacher-led daily 10-minute stress management intervention for 4 months. The control class teacher read from a children's book for 10 minutes daily. A standardized anxiety scale and HRV (using computer biofeedback program) were measured before the 4-month intervention, immediately after, and 1 year later.

Results:

The intervention class showed significant improvement from baseline to the immediate postintervention period in total anxiety (N = 14, F = 12.95, p = .002), with 1-year follow-up scores maintaining improvement (N = 13, F = 5.88, p = .025). The intervention class had small improvement in HRV using the biofeedback program in the immediate postintervention period, with significant improvement at 1-year follow-up (N = 13, F = 10.61, p = .005). The control class showed no improvements. Qualitatively, children reported that the intervention was helpful during stressful times at school and at home, even after the study period.

Conclusion:

An elementary school-based short daily stress management intervention can decrease symptoms of anxiety, and improve HRV, a measure of relaxation. Ultimately, these children found this skill continued to help them cope better with everyday stressors.

Copyright © 2013 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Follow Us

   

Login

Article Tools

Share

Search for Similar Articles
You may search for similar articles that contain these same keywords or you may modify the keyword list to augment your search.