Skip Navigation LinksHome > February 2006 - Volume 27 - Issue 1 > Suicidal Ideation Among Urban Nine and Ten Year Olds
Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics:
Original Articles

Suicidal Ideation Among Urban Nine and Ten Year Olds

O'LEARY, CATHERINE C. Ph.D.1; FRANK, DEBORAH A. M.D.2; GRANT-KNIGHT, WANDA Ph.D.3; BEEGHLY, MARJORIE Ph.D.4; AUGUSTYN, MARILYN M.D.2; ROSE-JACOBS, RUTH Sc.D.2; CABRAL, HOWARD J. Ph.D.5; GANNON, KATHERINE M.P.H.6

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Abstract

ABSTRACT. Little is known about rates and correlates of suicidal ideation among nonclinical samples of preadolescents from low-income urban backgrounds. Using the Children's Depression Inventory, we measured suicidal ideation in 131 preadolescent urban children (49% female, 90% African American/Caribbean) participating in an ongoing prospective longitudinal study of prenatal cocaine exposure and children's outcome. Suicidal ideation was reported by 14.5% of the children in this sample at 9 to 10 years of age. Children's reports of depressive symptoms, exposure to violence, and distress symptoms in response to witnessing violence were associated with suicidal ideation, but prenatal cocaine exposure, parent-rated child behavior, and caregivers' psychological distress symptoms were not. Suicidal ideation may be more prevalent among preadolescents from urban, low-income backgrounds than clinicians suspect, particularly among children exposed to violence.

© 2006 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.

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